Tips for writing

Checklist, a help in how to write an essay

This checklist shows how an essay with a scientific approach is structured.

When writing an essay, there are some things that are important to consider.

As a reader, it should be easy to get an overview of what the essay is about.

It is of course also important that the essay is about exactly what you say it should be about.

The language should be understandable and the various parts of the thesis should be interrelated. It should be easy to discern what is your own contributions and ideas and what are loans from others (ie what are sources). This checklist is a help for you as an essay writer to be able to accomplish this.

Good luck!

  1. Background and introduction

This chapter aims to give a brief background on what the essay will be about.

What should I find out and why should I find out just that?

You should:

Tell the reader what is said about your topic based on your sources and the literature you have read.

Tell the reader why the topic is interesting and worth writing an essay about.

Explain the purpose. For the purpose is meant intention, meaning and intention. Why have you chosen to write about this topic?

From the above points formulate questions. An issue may be e.g. descriptive or comparative. The most important thing is that it is possible to find out the answer. Be sure to delimit yourself. This section (the question) should have its own subheading so that the reader can easily find the question (s).

  1. Method

The method section describes how the survey was conducted and is very short. There are several different ways to obtain information for your work. Books, websites, reports and articles from magazines and newspapers are examples of text-based sources. You can also do laboratory work, observations, questionnaires and interviews. Your subject selection largely governs which method you will use. Motivate your choice of data collection method, how you handled the material, which weaknesses or deficiencies that may exist/

Describe how you went about applying for information for your work. Present the information you have used. Which search terms / subject words did you use?

Reasons for sources

How did you get your results? Motivate your choice of sources. Why did you choose these sources? Why did you remove others?


Here you should thoroughly discuss your sources based on the source-critical points below.

  • Who is behind the source? (Official? Private? Organization?)
  • What purpose does the source have? (To inform? Propagate? Maintain? Argue?)
  • Which target group has the source? Who is it targeting?
  • How current is the source?
  • Who is the author of the source?
  • Are the facts or opinions presented? Propaganda?
  • How credible is t? Motivate!
  1. Results and analysis

The result is the bulk of your work. Here is the account of what the survey gave for answers to your question. Make a summary of your factual material. If you have done a lab, the result should be presented here.

Answer your question. Reconnect to the introduction chapter. Questions and results should match. No own speculation!

Continuous source references.

Regardless of whether you have done a literature study or a more practical study such as a lab, you will refer to other written sources. Use continuous source references, eg with the Harvard system (parentheses).

  1. Discussion

Here you can use your own reflections, discuss and interpret your results. You use your critical thinking. Look for eg patterns, differences, similarities, concepts, relationships and contradictions in your sources, depending on the method you used.

Discuss the issue in relation to the result

Have you got answers to your / your questions? What is particularly important / interesting in your results?

Own reflections

What new questions / thoughts have been brought to you during the work?

Further research

What could be further investigated on the subject?

  1. Summary

Brief summary, a shortcut to your study. Use keywords that summarize each part of the study. Others should be able to understand what the study is about.

Summarize briefly what you have received so far under the background and introduction, method, results and discussion. No new material should be added.


  • 2 sentences that summarize background and introduction
  • 2 sentences that summarize the method
  • 2 sentences that summarize the result
  • 2-3 sentences that summarize the discussion
  1. List of sources

Only the sources found in your work must be included in the list of sources!